Bucknum, M. J., D. Prasad, et al. (2013). "Exocyclobutadieneite." Journal of Mathematical Chemistry 51(3): 868-880.

This communication describes a novel structural-type that could be the basis for a potentially new allotrope of C. The novel structural-type is called "exocyclobutadieneite", and it is thus named for the 1,3-dimethylenecyclobutane generating fragment that the lattice is based upon. It is a 3-,4-connected network consisting of slightly distorted tetrahedral vertices, and slightly distorted pairs of trigonal planar vertices. The lattice can be derived from a known mineral structure called Cooperite (PtS or PdO) by a topologically isomorphic substitution of trigonal planar atom pairs, for square planar vertexes, in the parent Cooperite unit cell. As such, the new pattern bears a distinct counterpoint relationship with its sibling structural-type called the glitter lattice, which has already been described by the authors in several other papers. And whereas glitter is generated by a topologically isomorphic substitution of trigonal planar atom pairs for the square planar vertices in the Cooperite unit cell, in a fashion that extends the unit cell vertically along the crystallographic c-axis, the exocyclobutadieneite structure is generated, in counterpoint, by such an isomorphic substitution that extends the unit cell horizontally along the a- and b-axes. Both the resulting glitter and exocyclobutadieneite structural-types possess AB stoichiometry (where A is a tetrahedral vertex and B is a trigonal planar vertex) and both occur in the tetragonal symmetry space group P4/mmc (#131). The networks differ, however, in the special positions adopted by the vertices in the resultant unit cells, and in their respective topology, as is evidenced by consideration of the Wells point symbols and Schlafli symbols for the 2 tetragonal networks. These differences are illustrated further in the course of the discussion to follow.