Fayos, J. (1999). "Possible 3D carbon structures as progressive intermediates in graphite to diamond phase transition." Journal of Solid State Chemistry 148(2): 278-285.

Modeling successive contractions of conventional graphite structure in different directions, together with some chemical reactions (consisting of Csp(2) to Csp(3) hybridization changes, followed by new bonding between closing carbons),simulates a graphite to diamond phase transition. The stable intermediate structures were optimized by a molecular mechanic approach, giving rise to new hypothetical 3D crystal structures which progress along the transition in the order of increasing density from 2.22 to 3.30 gcm(-3). There are graphite bilayers with planar and pyramidal Csp(2), graphite bilayers with Csp(2) and Csp(3), diamonds with Csp(2) and Csp(3), and diamonds with only Csp(3). We present eight different models: seven orthorhombic and one cubic Ia-3, the latter close to one structure proposed for supercubane C8. Additionally, some other noncrystalline models, made by optimizing unconstrained clusters from the above crystal models, are proposed. Although these structures are speculative, some of them present synthetic polycrystal X-ray diffraction with their highest peaks among those observed in reported experimental phases between graphite and diamond, which gives more reality to the proposed models.